Formed in 1840, the County of Summit covers an area of 412.8 square miles, originally a portion of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The County was named for the Portage Summit, the highest point along the Ohio and Erie Canal. Twenty-two cities and villages, as well as nine townships are located in the County. According to the 2010 Census, Summit County has a population of 541,781, making it the fourth most populous of the 88 counties in Ohio. With more than 150 Fortune 500 companies, the three-county Greater Akron region is a magnet for jobs and investment in Northeastern Ohio, and is well known for its tire and rubber heritage. Significant contributors to the growing economic diversity of the County include the fields of medicine and biomedicine, polymers and energy. The County is also home to world-class research center the University of Akron and quality-of-life attractions such as the Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
Photographs depicting the first decades of the hospital originally known as Springfield Lake Sanatorium, as well as ten scrapbooks that chronicle the history of the hospital from its early years to the 1960s. The Sanatorium opened in East Akron, Ohio, in 1915 as a facility for the treatment of tuberculosis. Located on former farmland near Springfield Lake, the Sanatorium was constructed in response to state law which mandated counties set up facilities dedicated to the treatment of tuberculosis. Originally serving Summit, Stark, Portage, Mahoning and Columbiana Counties, in 1920 Summit County assumed ownership of the sanatorium. In 1934, the hospital was renamed Edwin Shaw Hospital in honor of Edwin C. Shaw, a B.F. Goodrich executive and early member of the Board of Trustees of the sanatorium. This collection is contributed by the County of Summit.